To know whether you are fertile, ovulating or pregnant – to understand the menstrual cycle and ovulation – it’s important to have a basic knowledge of the female reproductive system. Here are the internal and external parts of the female anatomy:

Vagina: Also known as the birth canal, it’s an elastic part of the female genital tract that joins the cervix to the outside of the body.

Uterus: A hollow organ located in the pelvis region between the bladder and rectum. It has two parts: cervix (the lower part that opens into the vagina) and corpus (the main body that holds a developing baby.

Ovaries: Oval-shaped glands that produce ovum and hormones. They are located on either side of the uterus.

Fallopian tubes: Narrow tubes through which egg cells travel from ovaries to the uterus where they may get fertilized by the sperm.

Labia: the outer and inner folds of the vulva that surround and protect clitoris, the opening of the vagina and urethra. There are two types: labia majora (the outer and larger one) and labia minora (the inner and smaller one).

Bartholin’s glands: The compound alveolar glands located at the opening of the vagina. They produce fluid secretion.

Clitoris: Often treated as an equivalent to male’s penis, this is a small, very sensitive protrusion covered by a fold of skin (called prepuce). It doesn’t have any central role in reproduction; primarily, it’s there for stimulation.

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